ORDER  Xenarthra FAMILY Bradypodidae

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COMMON NAME
Havana Ground Sloth
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Acratocnus antillensis

AUTHOR  Mayo, 1978
SYNONYMS  Habanocnus paulacoutoi - Habanocnus hoffstetteri - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Lesser Puerto Rican Ground Sloth
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Acratocnus odontrigonus

AUTHOR  Anthony, 1916
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Puerto Rico, Cueva de la Ceiba, Hacienda Jobo, near Utuado (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct in 1500
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Hispaniolan Snub-nosed Sloth, Dominican Flat-nosed Sloth
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Acratocnus simorhynchus

AUTHOR  Rega, McFarlane, Lundberg & Christenson, 2002
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola (Haiti Is, Dominican Republic) and Cuba Island in Greater Antilles
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Hispaniolan Ground Sloth
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Acratocnus ye

AUTHOR  MacPhee & White & Woods, 2000
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola (Haiti Is, Dominican Republic) in Greater Antilles
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Akodon angustidens

AUTHOR  Winge, 1887
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Brazil, Lujanian and Platian
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Akodon clivigenis

AUTHOR  Winge, 1887
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Brazil, Lujanian and Platian
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]

LATIN NAME

Aonyx antiquus

AUTHOR  Gray, 1867
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Southern China,
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Fontoynont Giant Lemur
[ Lémur Géant de Fontoynont ]



LATIN NAME

Archaeoindris fontoynontii

AUTHOR  Standing, 1908
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Central Madagascar, found at Ampasambazimba, Majunga Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Archaeolemur edwardsi

AUTHOR  Filhol, 1895
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Central highlands of Madagascar, Fianarantsoa, Tananarive provinces
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]

LATIN NAME

Archaeolemur majori

AUTHOR  Filhol, 1895
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Lowland sites in southern and southwestern Madagascar
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Buenos Aires Bear
[ Ours de Buenos Aires ]
LATIN NAME

Arctodus bonariensis

AUTHOR  Kurtén, 1967
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Argentina
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Brazilian Bear
[ Ours du Brésil ]
LATIN NAME

Arctodus brasiliensis

AUTHOR  Mondolfi, 1971
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Brazil
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Pampas Bear
[ Ours des Pampas ]
LATIN NAME

Arctodus pamparus

AUTHOR  Ameghino, 1904
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  South America
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Lesser Short-faced Bear
[ Petit ours à face courte ]
LATIN NAME

Arctodus pristinus

AUTHOR  Leidy, 1854
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Northern America (U.S.A.)
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Giant Short-faced Bear
[ Grand ours à face courte ]


LATIN NAME

Arctodus simus

AUTHOR  Cope, 1897
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Northern America, U.S.A. and Canada from Yukon to Mexico,
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Babakoto
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Babakotia radofilai

AUTHOR  Godfrey & Simons & Chatrath & Rakotosamimanana, 1990
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Northern Madagascar, Ankarana mountains, Diego-Suarez Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Cubanycteris silvai

AUTHOR  Mancina & García-Rivera, 2005
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]

On left with D harringtoni (central) et D yaldeni (right)
LATIN NAME

Desmomys rex

AUTHOR  Thomas, 1906
SYNONYMS  Arvicanthis rex - Pelomys rex - Mylomys rex ? - 
NOTES  Known only by fossil ; Probably syn of Melomys rex
DISTRIBUTION  Known only by the type skin from southwestern Ethiopia
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Dicolpomys fossor

AUTHOR  Winge, 1888
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Southern Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul and Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Galerocnus jaimezi

AUTHOR  Arredondo and Rivero, 1997
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]


LATIN NAME

Hadropithecus stenognathus

AUTHOR  Lorenz Von Liburnau, 1899
SYNONYMS  Pithecodon sikorae - 
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Central Madagascar, southern and southwestern Madagascar, Tulear Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Minorca Dormice
[ Loir de Minorque ]
LATIN NAME

Hypnomys mahonensis

AUTHOR  Bate, 1919
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Spain, Minorca Is, Balearic Islands
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Mallorca Dormice
[ Loir de Majorque ]
LATIN NAME

Hypnomys morphaeus

AUTHOR  Bate, 1919
SYNONYMS  Eliomys morphaeus - Eliomys morpheus - 
NOTES  known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Spain, Majorca Is, Balearic Islands
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Edward's Koala Lemur
[ Lémur koala d'Edward ]


LATIN NAME

Megaladapis edwardsi

AUTHOR  Forsyth Major, 1894
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Southwestern and southern Madagascar in Manamby Plateau north of Toliara, Tulear Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Grandidier's Koala Lemur
[ Lémur koala de Grandidier ]
LATIN NAME

Megaladapis grandidieri

AUTHOR  Forsyth Major, 1894
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Central Madagascar from Ampasambazimba area, Tananarive Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Malagasy Koala Lemur
[ Lémur koala de Madagascar ]

LATIN NAME

Megaladapis madagascariensis

AUTHOR  Forsyth Major, 1894
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Southwestern and southern Madagascar, Tulear Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Large Cuban Ground Sloth
[ Paresseux terrestre de Cuba ]

LATIN NAME

Megalocnus rodens

AUTHOR  Allen, G, M.
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct in 1550
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Hispaniolan Ground Sloth
[ Paresseux terrestre d'Hispaniola ]
LATIN NAME

Megalocnus zile

AUTHOR  MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola (Haiti Is, Dominican Republic) in Greater Antilles
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Rathgeber's Hamster
[ Hamster de Rathgeber ]
LATIN NAME

Mesocricetus rathgeberi

AUTHOR  Pieper, 1984
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Greek island of Armathia (off coast of Kasos Isl between Kriti and Rodhos)
STATUS  Extinct in Holocene
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Mesopropithecus dolichobrachion

AUTHOR  Simons & al., 1995
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil, sometimes has been placed in a separate genus, Neopropithecus Lamberton, 1936
DISTRIBUTION  Extreme Northern Madagascar
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Mesopropithecus globiceps

AUTHOR  Standing, 1905
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil, sometimes has been placed in a separate genus, Neopropithecus Lamberton, 1936
DISTRIBUTION  Central Madagascar
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Mesopropithecus pithecoides

AUTHOR  Standing, 1905
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Central Madagascar, southern and southwestern Madagascar, Tulear Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Lesser Hispaniolan Ground Sloth
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Neocnus comes

AUTHOR  Paula Couto, 1967
SYNONYMS  Acratocnus comes - Synocnus comes - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola, Large cave near St. Michel, Haiti Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct in 1550
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Haitian Pine Forest Sloth
[ ]
LATIN NAME

Neocnus dousman

AUTHOR  MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola (Haiti Is, Dominican Republic) in Greater Antilles
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Cuban Rodent-like Sloth
[ ]
LATIN NAME

Neocnus gliriformis

AUTHOR  Matthew, 1931
SYNONYMS  Acratocnus gliriformis - Microcnus gliriformis - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Greater Puerto Rican Ground Sloth
[ ]
LATIN NAME

Neocnus major

AUTHOR  Arredondo, 1961
SYNONYMS  Acratocnus major - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Puerto Rico, Cave on the property of Don Gervacio Torano, near Utuado (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct in 1500
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Haitian Rak Bwa Sloth
[ ]
LATIN NAME

Neocnus toupiti

AUTHOR  MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000
SYNONYMS  Acratocnus toupiti - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola (Haiti Is, Dominican Republic) in Greater Antilles
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Corsica Shrew, Corsican Mountain Shrew
[ Musaraigne de Corse, Musaraigne de montagne de Corse ]
LATIN NAME

Nesiotites corsicanus

AUTHOR  Bate, 1945
SYNONYMS  Soriculus corsicanus - 
NOTES  Known only by subfossil ; first name is soriculus, Bate, 1944
DISTRIBUTION  France, only Corsica Island
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Balearic Shrew
[ Musaraigne des Baléares ]
LATIN NAME

Nesiotites hidalgo

AUTHOR  Bate, 1945
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Spain, Balearic Islands of the western Mediterranean Sea
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Sardinia Shrew
[ Musaraigne de Sardaigne ]
LATIN NAME

Nesiotites similis

AUTHOR  Bate, 1945
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Sardinia Is (Italy)
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Coastal Pachylemur
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Pachylemur insignis

AUTHOR  Filfol, 1895
SYNONYMS  Varecia insignis - Lemur insignis - Lemur intermedius - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Southern to southwestern coastal Madagascar in the spiny thickets and succulent woodlands
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Central Highland Pachylemur
[ ]
LATIN NAME

Pachylemur jullyi

AUTHOR  G, Grandidier, 1899
SYNONYMS  Varecia jullyi - Palaeochirogalus jully - Lemur jullyi - Lemur maxiensis - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Central to southwestern Madagascar in subhumid forests of the central highlands
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]





LATIN NAME

Palaeopropithecus ingens

AUTHOR  G, Grandidier, 1899
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Central Madagascar, southern and southwestern Madagascar, Tulear Prov
STATUS  Extinct - IUCN 2009 : Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Palaeopropithecus kelyus

AUTHOR  Gommery, Ramanivosoa, Tombomiadana-Raveloson, Randrianantenaina & Kerloc'h, 2009
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  North-West of Madagascar
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Palaeopropithecus maximus

AUTHOR  Standing, 1903
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Madagascar, Ampasambazimba, Majunga Prov
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Paralouatta marianae

AUTHOR  MacPhee, Iturralde-Vinent & Gaffney, 2003
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by a subfossil partial mandible found in 1920
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Cuban Monkey, Cuban Platyrrhine
[ ]

LATIN NAME

Paralouatta varonai

AUTHOR  Rivero & Arredondo, 1991
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by a subfossil partial mandible found in 1920
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles) from Cueva del mono fossil, Sierra de Galeras, Pinar del Rio
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Paramiocnus riveroi

AUTHOR  Arredondo & Arredondo, 2000
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Cuba Is (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME

[ ]
LATIN NAME

Paulocnus petrifactus

AUTHOR  Hooijer, 1962
SYNONYMS  Parocnus petrifactus - 
NOTES  
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Curacao Island (Netherlands Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct - fossil
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Hispaniolan Squirrel Monkey
[ ]
LATIN NAME

Saimiri bernensis

AUTHOR  Rímoli, 1977
SYNONYMS  Antillothrix bernensis - 
NOTES  Known only by a subfossil
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Hispaniola, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Tyrrhenian Vole
[ Campagnol tyrrhenien ]

LATIN NAME

Tyrrhenicola henseli

AUTHOR  Forsyth Major, 1905
SYNONYMS  Microtus henseli - 
NOTES  Known only by fossil, may be under genus Microtus
DISTRIBUTION  Corsica Is (France) and Sardinia Is (Italy)
STATUS  Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Surrey Puma
[ Puma du Surrey ]
LATIN NAME

Unnamed Puma

AUTHOR  1959
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Not confirmed as species
DISTRIBUTION  Great Britain (United Kingdom), south western Surrey and an adjoining part of Hampshire
STATUS  
 Describ subspecies = ; Valid in taxonomy =
 Possible listed subspecies =
0

COMMON NAME
Jamaican Monkey
[ Singe de Jamaïque ]
LATIN NAME

Xenothrix mcgregori

AUTHOR  Williams and Koopman, 1952
SYNONYMS  
NOTES  Known only by a subfossil partial mandible found in 1920
DISTRIBUTION  Carribean, Long Mile Cave in northwestern Jamaica (Greater Antilles)
STATUS  Extinct - IUCN 2009 : Extinct
 Describ subspecies = 0 ; Valid in taxonomy = 0
 Possible listed subspecies =
0
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